Historical Figures


James ArchibaldJames Archibald

James Archibald OVC '49 was one of the founders of the American College of Veterinary Surgery and one of the first editors of the Canadian Veterinary Journal. He was appointed head of the Division of Small Animal Medicine and Surgery in 1954 and was elected vice-President of the Canadian Veterinary Medical Association the following year. He became president of the association in 1962. He became chairman of Clinical Studies in 1963 and Director of Animal Care Services in 1980. He became the secretary treasurer of the Commonwealth Veterinary Association in 1984. The University of Guelph appointed Dr. Archibald Professor Emeritus in 1986. In 1990, he received the Order of Canada. In 2001, he was the OVC AA's Distinguished Alumni.

C.A.V. Barker

C.A.V. Barker

C.A.V. Barker, C.M., C.D., D.V.Sc. Appointed a Member of the Order of Canada June 23, 1986. Having established the first professional course in artificial breeding in North America at the Ontario Veterinary College in Guelph, Ontario, he became internationally known for his pioneering research in the fields of animal reproduction and artificial insemination which revolutionized farming methods around the world.



Elizabeth Carpenter

Elizabeth Carpenter


Elizabeth Carpenter was the first female graduate from OVC in 1928



Duncan McEachran

Duncan McEachran

Duncan McEachran taught briefly at Ontario Veterinary College before moving to Montreal to found the Montreal Veterinary College in 1866. He played a large role in the initialization of disease control legislation in Canada. The Animal Contagious Disease Act (1869) assisted in the prevention of contagious diseases from Europe and other areas in North America and affirmed quarantine stations and veterinary inspectors. McEachran was employed as the Chief Veterinary Inspector in the Canada Department of Agriculture from 1884 to 1902.


Jean Rumney

Jean Rumney, the first Canadian OVC female graduate, unofficially dubbed "Dutchess" graduated in 1939.

John RutherfordJohn Rutherford

John Rutherford graduated from the OVC in 1879. He became involved in the Manitoba Legislative Assembly in 1892 where he was influential in the authorization of legislation to govern the veterinary profession in the province. The legislation restricted the treatment of sick animals to registered members of the Manitoba Veterinary Association; graduation from a three year veterinary college program granted registration. Manitoba was the first province in Canada to strictly enact legislation regarding veterinary professionals. Rutherford left the Assembly to serve as a member of parliament from 1897 to 1900. He successfully campaigned for higher academic standards that would coincide with veterinary legislation and professional veterinary medicine in Ontario. All his efforts led to the enactment of the Veterinary Science Practice Act in 1920. Rutherford took over as Chief Veterinary Inspector in the Canada Department of Agriculture in 1902. In this position he modified the veterinary services within the Department into the Health of Animals Branch; he was Veterinary Director General between 1904 and 1912 and during his time in this position he enacted the disease control legislation and developed field and laboratory services which in time abolished endemic disease such as dourine, glanders and hog cholera, and the control of bovine brucellosis and tuberculosis in Canada. Rutherford was vital in development of the federal meat inspection service.

Franch SchofieldFrank Schofield

Frank W. Schofield, graduated from the OVC 1910 and was a member of the OVC faculty from 1912 to 1955. In 1916, Dr. Schofield left OVC to teach bacteriology at a college in Seoul, Korea. At the time, Korea had been annexed by Japan and Dr. Schofield was appalled by the brutality of the occupation. He became closely involved with the independence movement by documenting the mass jailing, torture and deaths associated with the struggle for Korean sovereignty. The college did not renew his contract so he returned to OVC in 1921 where he taught pathology and bacteriology until 1955. In 1958, Dr. Schofield accepted a position at Seoul National University. He became more involved in and joined the agitation that brought down the post-War president, Rhee Syngman, in 1960. Dr. Schofield died in Seoul in 1970 and was buried in the Patriot section of the National Cemetery for his support of the 1919 Samil Independence Movement. Dr. Schofield is the only non-Korean to ever be buried in the Korean National Cemetery.

R.W. Stewart

R.W. Stewart attended and took notes during Andrew Smith's lectures in the 1881/82 session. Stewart transcribed his notes from Smith's lectures and had them published in Ohio in 1883 and in Toronto in 1885. The book became the contemporary veterinary medical text in Canada and in 1902 another edition was published at OVC

Edward Watson

Edward Watson graduated from the Ontario Veterinary College in 1904. He joined the Animal Pathology Division of the Health of Animals Branch of the Canada Department of Agriculture shortly after. In 1906 he became the first director of the Dominion Veterinary Research Laboratory in Lethbridge, Alberta, which had been established to investigate dourine in horses. In 1920, Watson was appointed Chief of the Animal Pathology Division in Ottawa, and was responsible for the construction of the Animal Diseases Research Institute in Hull, Quebec. He was one of four Canadian veterinarians elected to the Royal Society of Canada, a society dedicated to promoting the progression of arts and sciences.